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Dallas Texas Plants 

Here are some of the North & Central Texas /  Northeast and East Regions PlantsCommon Name Scientific Name Bloom period / color Size Notes
Red maple Acer rubrum Mar-Apr / red 40-100’ very adaptable to light and moisture conditions
Serviceberries Amelanchier species Mar-May / white 20-30’ good fall color and edible berries
Tuliptree Liriodendron tulipfera May-Jun / green & orange 75-100’ fast growing, nectar source, tulip-shaped flowers
Eastern white pine Pinus strobus May / cones 5” > 100’ graceful shape with very high wildlife value
White oak Quercus alba Mar-May / inconspicuous 60-80’ acorns feed a variety of wildlife, slow-growing
Eastern hemlock Tsuga canadensis Apr-May / cones ¾” 60-80’ evergreen, tolerates shade, PA’s state tree symbol
Summersweet Clethra alnifolia Jul-Aug / white or pink 6-12’ very fragrant, tolerates shade, supports pollinators
Red-osier dogwood Cornus sericea May / white 6-12’ showy red stems, spreads to form colonies
Winterberry Ilex verticillata May-Jun / red berries 6-10’ male and female plants needed for fruit production
Red chokeberry Photinia pyrifolia Mar-May / white 5-10’ red fruits & fall color, can be pruned as a hedge
Ninebark Physocarpus opulifolius May-Jul / pinkish white 5-10’ coppery fall color, papery peeling bark
Swamp milkweed Asclepias incarnata Jul-Aug / rose 2-6’ lovely flowers, food for monarch butterfly caterpillars
Joe-pye-weed Eutrochium fistulosum (Eupatorium f.) Aug-Sep / purple 3-10’ nectar source draws many pollinators
Gaura Gaura biennis Jul-Sep / pink or white 1-6’ long-blooming, very attractive flowers
Oxeye sunflower Heliopsis helianthoides Jul-Sep / yellow 1-5’ nectar for butterflies & bees, seeds for goldfinches
Great blue lobelia Lobelia siphilitica Jul-Oct / blue 1-4’ long blooming, nectar for hummingbirds & butterflies
Bee-balm Monarda didyma Jul-Aug / red 2-5’ nectar for hummingbirds & butterflies, aromatic
Wild blue phlox Phlox divaricata May-Jun / lilac 1-2’ aromatic showy, nectar source, dormant in summer
Mountain mints Pycnanthemum species Jul-Aug / white 15-36” aromatic, support butterflies, bees and other species
New England aster Symphyotrichum novae-angliae Aug-Oct / purple 2-6’ tolerates drier soil
New York ironweed Vernonia noveboracensis Jul-Sep / purple 3-6’ tall, attractive nectar source for wet sites
Culver’s-root Veronicastrum virginicum Jun-Sep / white or pink to 6’ elegant spires of flowers support butterflies
Red bud Cercis canadensis Apr-May / pink 20-35’ fixes nitrogen, 20-year average lifespan
Eastern red-cedar Juniperus virginiana Apr-May / inconspicuous 30-45’ evergreen, sky blue fleshy berry-like cones
Blackgum Nyssa sylvatica Apr-May / inconspicuous 30-75’ dark blue fruits, scarlet early fall color
Red oak Quercus rubra Apr-May / inconspicuous 60-80’ acorns feed wildlife
Sassafras Sassafras albidum Apr-May / yellow 30-50’ dark blue fruits feed songbirds
Black chokeberry Photinia melanocarpa Apr-May / white 3-6’ black fruits feed songbirds, red fall color
New Jersey tea Ceanothus americanus May-Sep / creamy white < 3’ drought tolerant
Blueberries Vaccinium species May-Jun / white-pink 2-12’ Highbush & lowbush need acidic soils, edible fruit
Blackhaw Viburnum prunifolium Apr-May / white 8-15’ blue-black fruits feed songbird and people
Perennials & Grasses
Big bluestem grass Andropogon gerardii Jun-Sep / inconspicuous 3-5’ clump-forming, bronze fall & winter color
Butterfly-weed Asclepias tuberosa May-Sep / orange 1-3’ food for monarch caterpillars, deep-rooted
Blazing-star Liatris spicata Jul-Sep / purple 2-6’ showy flower spikes
Wild bergamot Monarda fistulosa Jul-Aug / pink-violet 2-5’ nectar for hummingbirds & butterflies, aromatic
Sundrops Oenothera perennis Jun-Aug / yellow 1-2’ long-blooming perennial, drought tolerant
Switchgrass Panicum virgatum Jul-Sep / pink-red 3-6’ golden yellow-burgundy fall color, winter cover
Virginia creeper vine Parthenocissus quinquefolia Jul-Aug / inconspicuous 25-35’ bluish-black berries with high wildlife value, fall color
Beard-tongue Penstemon digitalis May-Jul / white 2-5’ meadow & border plant, long-blooming
Black-eyed Susan Rudbeckia hirta Jul-Sep / yellow 2-3’ long-blooming, readily available
Little bluestem grass Schizachyrium scoparium Aug-Oct / inconspicuous 2-4’ blue-green in spring, coppery autumn color
Goldenrods Solidago species Sep-Oct / yellow 1-4’ drought tolerant once established, many pollinators
Indian-grass Sorghastrum nutans Aug-Sep / yellow anthers 3-8’ beautiful seed heads feed songbirds
Sugar maple Acer saccharum Apr-May / yellow 60-75’ adaptable to dry sites, outstanding fall color
River birch Betula nigra Apr-May / brown catkins 60-80’ attractive peeling bark
Flowering dogwood Cornus florida Apr-Jun / white or pink 10-30’ prefers acidic soils, red berries
Pin oak Quercus palustris Apr-May / tan catkins 60-70’ red fall color, acorns feed wildlife
Smooth alder Alnus serrulata Mar-Apr / yellow catkins 6-10’ high wildlife value
Pagoda dogwood Cornus alternifolia May-Jun / white 15-25’ very high wildlife value, purple-red fall color
Wild hydrangea Hydrangea arborescens Jun-Aug / white 3-6’ leaves poisonous
Spicebush Lindera benzoin Mar-May / yellow 6-12’ aromatic, red fruits
Rosebay Rhododendron maximum Jun-Jul / rose pink 10-30’ evergreen wildlife cover
Jack-in-the-pulpit Arisaema triphyllum Apr-Jun / green-purple 1-3’ bright red berries in an unusual flower shape
Wild ginger Asarum canadense Apr-May / maroon < 1’ semi-evergreen groundcover
Dutchman’s breeches Dicentra cucullaria Apr-May / white to cream < 1’ early nectar for bumblebees, dormant in summer
Cardinal-flower Lobelia cardinalis Jul-Sep / scarlet 2-5’ nectar for hummingbirds & butterflies, usually biennial
Golden ragwort Packera aurea Apr-Jul / yellow 1-2’ long-blooming, tolerates wet areas
Jacob's ladder Polemonium reptans Apr-Jun / blue 1-2’ clumping ladder-like foliage, self-seeds
Foamflower Tiarella cordifolia Apr-Jul / white 4-14’’ groundcover for deciduous woods, long-blooming
Maidenhair fern Adiantum pedatum distinctive delicate texture 1-2’ great for woodland or rock gardens
Wood ferns Dryopteris species lacy clump of fronds 1-3’ evergreen, some adaptable to drier sites
Cinnamon fern Osmunda cinnamomea fertile fronds in Apr-May 1-2’ fertile fronds cinnamon brown, prefers acidic soils
Interrupted fern Osmunda claytoniana distinctive fronds 2-4’ prefers acidic soils
Christmas fern Polystichum achrostichoides evergreen, short rhizomes 1-2’ adaptable to drier sites
Shagbark hickory Carya ovata May / green catkins 60-80’ golden yellow to orange fall color, sweet nuts
Chestnut oak Quercus montana May-Jun / catkins 50-75’ acorns feed wildlife
Hop-hornbeam Ostrya virginiana April / catkins 35-50’ nutlets in a loose papery cone resembling hops
Witch-hazel Hamamelis virginiana Sep-Nov / golden yellow 8-20’ fragrant, often multi-stemmed
Pinxter-flower Rhododendron periclymenoides Apr-May / pink to white 6-12’ prefers acidic soils
American hazelnut Corylus americana Mar-Apr / catkins 10-15’ nuts ripen in Aug-Sep.
Arrow-wood viburnum Viburnum dentatum May-Jun / white 3-15’ a very variable and adaptable species
Black cohosh Actea racemosa Jun-Sep / white 3-8’ tapering spikes of flowers & interesting seed heads
White snakeroot Ageratina altissima (Eupatorium rugosum) Jul-Oct / white 2-3’ nectar for butterflies & bees, hardy, spreading habit
Wild columbine Aquilegia canadensis Apr-Jun / red & yellow 1-3’ supports hummingbirds, adaptable to sun and soil
White wood aster Eurybia divaricata Jul-Oct / white 1-3’ showy fall flowers, thrives throughout PA
Bigleaf aster Eurybia macrophylla Aug-Sep / pale blue-violet 1-2’ groundcover, larval food for pearl crescent butterfly
Wood geranium Geranium maculatum Apr-Jul / lavender-pink 1-2’ adaptable to full sun, spreads slowly
Alumroot Heuchera americana May-Aug / greenish 1-2’ long-blooming, many cultivars
Virginia bluebells Mertensia virginica Mar-Jun / blue 1-2.5’ early, long-blooming, supports early pollinators
Partridge-berry Mitchella repens May-Jul / white <1’ groundcover, acid soils, trailing stems, red fruits
Mayapple Podophyllum peltatum May / white 1-2’ prefers acid soils, rhizomes spread slowly
Stonecrop Sedum ternatum Apr-Jun / greenish-white <1’ groundcover, adaptable to sun
Solomon’s plume Smilacina racemosa May-Jul / white 1-2’ starry flowers, red berries, rhizomes spread

Additional Resources: native Plants species for Pennsylvania Plants

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